Isotretinoin is a medication that is commonly used to treat severe acne. It works by reducing the amount of oil produced by the skin's sebaceous glands, which are responsible for producing sebum, the oily substance that can contribute to acne.
For people with naturally oily facial skin, isotretinoin can be particularly effective in reducing oil production and improving the appearance of the skin. By decreasing the amount of oil produced by the sebaceous glands, isotretinoin can help to unclog pores and prevent the formation of new pimples and blackheads.
In addition to its effect on oil production, isotretinoin also has anti-inflammatory properties that can help to reduce the redness and swelling associated with acne. It can also help to improve the overall texture and tone of the skin.
While isotretinoin can be effective in treating severe acne, it is a powerful medication that can have significant side effects, including dry skin and lips, sensitivity to sunlight, and an increased risk of depression and suicidal thoughts. It should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional and with close monitoring for potential side effects.