There are two primary techniques used for hair transplantation:
Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT): This technique involves removing a strip of hair-bearing scalp from the back of the head and dividing it into smaller units called follicular units, which contain 1-4 hairs each. These units are then transplanted into the areas of the scalp that are bald or thinning.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE): This technique involves removing individual follicular units directly from the scalp using a small punch tool. The extracted units are then transplanted into the recipient site in the same way as with FUT.
There are also variations and hybrid techniques that combine aspects of both FUT and FUE, such as:
- Robotic Hair Restoration: This uses a computerized system to assist in the extraction and transplantation of follicular units.
- Direct Hair Implantation: This involves implanting extracted follicular units directly into the recipient site without the need for creating incisions or slits.
- Scalp Micro-Pigmentation: This technique involves applying pigments to the scalp to create the appearance of hair follicles, simulating the look of a closely shaved head.
The choice of technique depends on various factors, including the patient's hair loss pattern, hair density, and quality, as well as the surgeon's preference and expertise. It is best to consult with a qualified and experienced hair transplant surgeon to determine the most suitable technique for your individual needs.